2020 Fall Tour Volunteers
The area south of Broad Street is one of Charleston’s most notable neighborhoods and boasts one of the finest residential areas of the country. It is located at the southernmost tip of the Peninsula and is bordered by two rivers, the Ashley and the Cooper. It offers a variety of architectural styles along with lush gardens and detailed iron work. The residences in this area range from modest colonial dwellings to grand houses built by wealthy merchants and planters.
Early Charleston houses were built of heavy wood beams from local forests. Settlers were disappointed that their New World locale had no quarries to provide material for constructing stone houses similar to what they had left in the old country. As a result, many of Charleston’s buildings were constructed of brick and rendered in stucco scored to look like stone.
As the only English walled city in North America, Charleston developed unique architecture. The original Baroque grid designed by the Lords Proprietors was altered, with lots laid out in narrow, deep strips, and house plans were adjusted accordingly. The popular single house design was likely rooted in “unit-houses” in England, a tradition which craftsmen carried to the New World. The “single house” is typically oriented on a long, deep lot; that is, the side with which it addresses the street is a “single” room in width. Piazzas, typically found on a property’s south or west façade, provided shade and became important living and sleeping spaces in hot weather because of the relief provided by sea breezes.
2:00pm - 5:00pm EDT
|| Preservation Society of Charleston